STUDENT: Andrei Musetescu, Diamadis Tegkelidis, Guangkai Liang, Iulian Ivan, Jasper Manders, Mohammed Khalili
How to provide the luxury of a 100 sqm. apartment in a 50 sqm. apartment? A solution was sought to address this issue by getting rid of unused space while simultaneously allowing the users to have the items and privacy they need to perform an activity when the need to perform this activity arises. The notion of eliminating unused space calls for a certain amount of flexibility because a larger apartment would allow all of these functionalities at once. This flexibility is achieved by making pop-up furniture part of the walls, floor and ceiling. Whilst this furniture pops up when a certain activity needs to take place, it also opens up storage that is related to this activity.
Two activities that require the same amount of space but different furnishings and attributes cannot take place at the same place at the same time. Therefore the spaces for more communal activities (kitchen and living room) are surrounding the spaces that support activities that require more seclusion, these spaces can merge with the spaces next to it making space either grow or shrink within the apartment. This flexibility ensures that communal rooms have enough space to comfortably fit its inhabitants or when necessary, there are enough separate spaces to allow activities to take place next to each other. The merging or seclusion of spaces is achieved by opening or closing foldable separation walls.
The apartment communicates with smart devices; it keeps track of the users location as well as it enables users to provide input concerning their need to perform an activity. The apartment will then propose a given set of possibilities and communicate this through visualizations and/or augmented reality. Next the user will be able to specify his or her preference. Because the apartment stores its current data and history in the cloud it will be able to determine a possible configuration when a user is approaching the house when no preference has been submitted, however this is optional.
Keywords >> Architectural robotics, Human behaviour, Family structure, Daily usage patterns, Sensing actuation and control systems, Real-time interaction, Adaptive space.
STUDENT: Javi Vidal Bernabeu, Xi Guo, Koen Kegel, Xindroe Volmer, Vivien Wu, Jiun Yu , Leon Zondervan
Cloud life is a business model in which space is not rented out with a specific fixed use (e.g. bedroom, office, exhibition space), but with completely flexible functions, digitally chosen and customised by the customer. By using a flexible, interactive and robotic interior, the operator can offer a large variety of functional spaces which the users can choose and further customize, thus creating, spaces perfectly suited to variable needs of users at any given point in time. The proposed system provides opportunities for retrofitting existing buildings which need to be converted into 24-7 economy hubs, thus maximizing occupancy and increasing the spaces value. Colour, shapes and functions of the spatial deployments can be fully customized via an online interface specially developed for the project.
Cloud life makes maximum occupancy possible with its completely flexible interior, answering varied demands and desires of its customers. A fully transformable and fully customisable experience is what Cloud Life promotes.
Keywords >> Architectural robotics, Retrofitting, Customization, Deployable furniture systems, Sensing, actuation and control systems, Multiple usability of space.
STUDENT: Behic Can Aldemir, Jeroen van Lith, Steph Kanters, Sol van Kempen, Izabela Slodka, Maciej Wieczorkowski
For the last decades, cities have become bigger, more diverse and denser. Citizens are asked to live in tinier houses, while demanding larger spaces and greater variety. The pop-up apartment project is a response to this challenge. Occupying a space of only 50M2 in an existing building, it is aimed to reach the qualities of a much bigger apartment. The goal is achieved by the creation of an interactive environment consisting of folding panels. Made out of polypropylene, the panels are able to fold and bend while remaining their structural strength. While sliding over rails, the panels are able to pop up into walls, chairs, beds or desk.
Like with a Swiss pocketknife, only the desired shapes are being folded out, while the others stay razor-thin in the existing walls. Therefore, a high variety of different spatial configurations is possible, creating only the spaces which are needed at a certain time. Bedrooms are not needed during the day, and can be transformed into a working space or large living room. The pop-up apartment allows to live in a continuously changing space, real-time tailored to the wishes of the future user.
Apart from the digital design, a physical 1:1 interactive prototype of a part of the apartment is also developed and tested.
Keywords >> Interactive space, Material research, Sliding and folding wall panels, Sensing, actuation and control systems, Multiple usability of space, Physical prototyping
STUDENT: Ana Anton, Elisabeth Travlou, Evita Pronk, Karolos Michailidis, Matthew Tanti, Qiushi Wu, Serban Bodea, Vasiliki Koliaki
RObow-tie is a 50m2 apartment system that has the spatial qualities and functional performance of a standard living space of 100m2. The shape is tailored to its users, allows different activities to take place simultaneously and caters for every individual's specific needs.
RObow-tie has been designed and produced with the principle of Mass Customisation in mind. This production paradigm shift has the advantage of allowing component uniqueness for the same amount of cost and time as mass production. At the same time, mass customization allows for more design freedom as far as form and identity are concerned. Innovation is also present in RObow-tie's construction material choice: components are robotically fabricated out of EPS100 Foam which is light-weight, relatively inexpensive, very high compression strength and has a high insulation index. The use of the robotic hotwire-cutting technique allows for complex shapes which inspired the team to direct its research into interlocking EPS component systems which would work only in compression.
The coating on top of the EPS protects the inside from external weather conditions and offers a rigid, easily-to-clean and warm surface texture. An advantage of the design is that it’s made out of one material, EPS, which allows for an estimated 85% recyclability, this makes the whole production technique extremely sustainable and environmentally friendly.
STUDENTs: Adriaan Kees van Gool, Leon Spikker, M.N.B. Valk, Mallika Arora, Mikal Papez, Sarah J. Roberts, Wessel van Beerendonk
UR House aims to provide all the comfort and functionality of a 100 m2 apartment in a 50 m2 space. Normally houses specify locations for different activities. We aim to use the same location for different activities by creating spaces only when they’re needed. To accomplish this flexibility, UR House interacts with users to continuously translate their needs into an optimized layout. An apartment which adapts in real time to user preferences requires transformable boundaries and facilities. Interior boundaries (room dividers) and exterior boundaries (envelope) must also have the capacity to appear and disappear spontaneously. A transformable wall component that can move anywhere and provide furniture when desired is thus designed. A comprehensive analysis of user activities required a division between flexible and fixed activities. While the flexible components can support most activities in the household, three static components have been introduced to serve the rest. These units contain elements that would not fit, or would not be useful in a moving wall component. Combining the static and the flexible units results in a dynamic floor plan that can transform to fit any user desires. Space is negotiated between neighboring apartments to maximize usable area and create shared community zones. UR House can adapt to changes in lifestyle by re-materializing by the minute, hour, day, week, month, or year.
Keywords >> Interactive wall components, Customizable, Dynamic vs static space, Maximize usable area, Sensing, actuation and control system, Architectural robotics.
>> Journal Publication >> Psyllidis, A & Biloria, NM (2014). OntoPolis: A semantic participatory platform for perfor- mance assessment and augmentation of urban environments. In s.n. (Ed.), 10th IEEE international conference on intelligent environments (pp. 140-147). Piscataway: IEEE.
>> Publication >> Achilleas Psyllidis, Nimish Biloria (2014); Intelligent environments 2014 Conference, Article accepted: Ontopolis, A semantic participatory platform for performance assessment and augmentation of urban environments, Shanghai, 2nd – 4th July 2014, China
>> Publication >> Xia X, Biloria N, Hommel B. (2014); Aesthetics and the embodied mind, Conference, Article: From film studies to interaction design
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at South East University of China, Guangzhou, China >> 2013
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria appointed Scientific Reviewer
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) >> 2013
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria appointed Scientific Reviewer & Editor: Next Generation Building Journal (NGB) >> 2013
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria appointed Scientific Reviewer
47th International Architectural Science Association Conference 2013 “Cutting Edge In Architectural Science", Hong Kong >> 2013
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria serves as Organizing Committee Member ECAADE 2013, TU Delft, Netherlands >> 2013
>> Publication >> Biloria, N. (2013) Performance driven generative design pedagogy: Interfacing multi-agent simulation driven design techniques with environmental modelling methodologies in architectural education, ENHSA Conference: Computation, environment and architectural innovation, Napoli, Italy.
>> Publication >> Achilleas Psyllidis and Nimish Biloria (2013), The Adaptive City: A socio-technical interaction driven approach towards urban systems, Proceedings of the 2nd international Hybrid City Conference, Athens, Greece, ISBN: 978-960-99791-1-5, pp. 371-378.
>> Publication >> Achilleas Psyllidis and Nimish Biloria (2013), Urban Media Geographies: Interfacing Ubiqui- tous Computing with the Physicality of Urban Space, Media Cities 4 conference, May 2013, University at Buffalo, The state university of New York, USA, pp. 302-309.
>> Publication >> Mostafavi, S, Morales Beltran, MG & Biloria, NM (2013). Performance driven design and design information exchange. In R Stouffs & S Sariyildiz (Eds.), Proceedings of the Education and research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe) 2013 conference (pp. 117-126). Delft, The Netherlands
>> Publication >> Biloria, NM & Chang, JR (2013). Hyper-Morphology: Experimentations with bio-inspired de- sign processes for adaptive spatial re-use. In R Stouffs (Ed.), Proceedings of the 31st Inter- national Conference on Education and research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (pp. 529-538)
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria interviewed by RAI, Lighthouse, Italy: Documentary series on Robotics in Europe >> 2013
>> Journal publication >> Alireza Mahdizadeh Hakak (Faculty of Architecture, TU Delft, Netherlands), Nimish Biloria (Faculty of Architecture, TU Delft, The Netherlands) and Mozhgan Raouf Rahimi (Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran) (2012), Journal article: Implementing Unconventional Virtual Environments for Enhancing Creativity in Architecture Pedagogy, International Journal of Virtual and Personal Learning Environments (IJVPLE), Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages: 41-52.
>> Journal Publication >> Biloria, N. (2012); Co-Editor, Book: Hyperbody, First Decade of Interactive Architecture, JapSam Publishers, Netherlands, ISBN-10: 9490322091, ISBN-13: 978-9490322090
>> Journal Publication >> Biloria N. (2012); Interactive morphologies: An investigation into integrated nodal networks and embedded computation processes for developing real-time responsive spatial systems, Frontiers of Architectural Research Volume 1, Issue 3, Pages 259–271
>> Journal Publication >> Xin Xia and Biloria Nimish (2012); A 4EA Cognitive approach for rethinking the human in Interactive Architecture, Conference Proceedings: Rethinking the Human in Techology-Driv- en Architecture, Editors: Maria Voyatzaki; Constantin Spiridonidis, ISBN: 978-2-930301-53-2
>> Publication >> Biloria, Nimish and Chang, Jia-Rey (2012), 'Digital physicality, physical Digitally,' Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, HyperCell: A Bio-inspired informa- tion design framework for real-time adaptive spatial components, Volume.2, pp.573-581.
>> Publication >> Alireza M. Hakak, Biloria N (2011), New perception of virtual environments, enhancement of creativity, Proceedings of the eCAADe conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, ISBN 978-9-4912070-
1-3, pp. 967 - 975
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at National art gallery, Vilnius, Lithuania >> 2011
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at Delft lectures on Sustainability, TU Delft, Netherlands >> 2011
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at Faculty of Architecture, Warsaw, Poland >> 2011
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at Harbin University, Faculty of Architecture, China >> 2011
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at Nanjing University, Faculty of Architecture, China >> 2011
>> Journal publication >> Biloria N. (2011); InfoMatters, a multi-agent systems approach for generating performative architectural formations; International Journal of Architectural Computing, Issue 03, Volume 09: September 2011 (205 - 222)
>> Journal publication >> Biloria N. (2011); Interdisciplinary Process Driven Performative Morphologies: A Morphog- enomic approach towards developing context aware spatial formations; V!RUS, No.6, No- mads.usp journal, Creation in Process+es, ISSN: 2175-974.
>> Publication >> Alireza M. Hakak, Biloria N (2011), New perception of virtual environments, enhancement of creativity, Proceedings of the eCAADe conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3, pp. 967 - 975
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at Empowering Infrastructure globally conference, New Delhi, India sponsored by ESSAR Steel and organized by Indian Architect and Builder >> 2010
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at Philips Research, Eindhoven, The Netherlands >> Interactive Architecture >> 2010
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at Design-Code, Dutch Design Week, Eindhoven, The Netherlands >> 2010
>> Journal publication >> Biloria, N. (2010); Interactive Environments: A Multi-disciplinary Approach towards Devel- oping Real-Time Performative Spaces, Entertainment computing – ICEC 2010, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2010, Volume 6243/2010, 254-261, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-15399-0_25, pp. 254-261
>> Journal publication >> Biloria, N. (2010); Interactive Bodies, Forward, Volume 110, ISSN 2153-7526, American Institute of Architects Publishers, USA, 2010, pp. 69-76
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at Bucharest School of Architecture, Romania >> 2009
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria serves as Session Chair
ENHSA 2013 Conference on Computation, Environment and Architectural Innovation, Napoli, Italy >> 2009
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria serves as Panelist: CHI 2009, Organic User Interfaces - From Tangible and Transitive Materials to programming reality, Boston, USA >> 2009
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria serves as Panelist: Syn_athr(0)isis event: Technopolis, Athens, Greece >> 2009
>> Journal publication >> Biloria, N, Sumini, V. (2009); Performative Building Skin Systems: A Morphogenomic Ap- proach Towards Developing Real-Time Adaptive Building Skin Systems, International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 7 - no. 4, pp. 643-676.
Biloria, N. (2009); Performative building skin systems, IEEE Explore, Computation World 2009 conference, Athens, ISBN 978-1-4244-5166-1, pp. 119-125
>> Journal publication >> Biloria, N. (2009); Developing an interactive architectural meta-system for contemporary corporate environments, SCROOPE 19, Cambridge architecture journal, Cambridge University press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 70-80
>> Journal publication >> Biloria, N. (2009); Inter-active spaces Indian architect and builder magazine, Special issue on Digital Architecture, Jasubhai Media, Mumbai, India
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria gives Key note lecture at Key Note lecture at the IxDA, Interaction Design Association, Inter- national South America conference, Sao Paulo, Brazil >> 2008
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria's lecture is at the AEC World Expo, 361 Design conference >> 2008
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at Technologies and Construction Lecture series, Building Technology, Bouwkunde, TU Delft, The Netherlands >> 2008
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria is interviewed by the Discovery Channel >> Discovery Science Program, Documentary >> 2008
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria serves as Conference Session Chair ACADIA 08, Evolutionary computation, Minneapolis, USA >> 2008
>> Journal publication >> Biloria, N. (2008); Introduction article: Evolutionary computation, ACAADIA 2008, Sili- cone+Skin, ISBN: 978-0-9789463-2-6, Minneapolis, USA
>> Journal publication >> Biloria, N. (2008); Hyperbody, (Im) material Processes, New Digital techniques for architecture, Edited by Neil Leach and Xu Weiguo, ISBN: 9787-112-10396-6, China Architecture and Building Press, China
>> Journal publication >> Biloria, N. (2008); Non-standard performative architecture, Indian architect and builder magazine, Special issue on Innovate, Jasubhai Media publishers, Mumbai, India
>> Publication >> Biloria, N (2008) Morphogenomic Urban and Architectural Systems: An Investigation into In- formatics Oriented Evolution of Form: The Case of the A2 Highway, Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapo- lis 16-19 October 2008, pp.152-157
>> Publication >> Biloria, N (2008) Real-time interactive corporate environments, Proceedings of 2nd Sympo- sium on Systems Research in the Arts and Humanities (SSRAH): "On Interaction/Interactivity in Music, Design, Visual and Performing Arts", Baden Baden, Germany, pp. 121-125
>> Publication >> Biloria, N (2008) Morphogenomic architecture, An investigation into informatics oriented evolution of form, Proceedings of AEC 08 Conference, Antalya, Turkey, pp. 49-58, http://www.lboro.ac.uk/cice/conferences/AEC2008/
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at University Innsbruck, Austria >> 2007
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at ITD Lecture series, Industrial Design, TU Delft, The Netherlands >> 2007
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria lectures at Goldsmith University, London, UK >> 2007
>> Journal publication >> Biloria, N. (2007); Envisioning the responsive milieu, An investigation into aspects of ambient intelligence, human machine symbiosis and ubiquitous computing for developing a generic real time interactive spatial prototype, iA#1, ISBN 978-9059730588, Episode publishers, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 22-33
>> Publication >> Biloria, N (2007) Developing an Interactive Architectural Meta-System for Contemporary Corporate Environments: An investigation into aspects of creating responsive spatial systems for corporate offices incorporating rule based computation techniques, Em‘body’ing Virtual Architecture: The Third International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2007), 28-30 November 2007, Alexandria, Egypt, pp.
>> Publication >> Biloria, N (2007) Adaptive Corporate Environments, CAADRIA 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Nanjing (China) 19-21 April 2007, ISBN: 978-7-5641-0925-7, pp. 391-400
>> Publication >> Biloria, N (2007) Adaptive corporate environments, Proceedings of Sources of Architectural Form: Theory and Practice, International conference of Architecture 07, Kuwait City, Kuwait, pp. 371-391
>> Publication >> Biloria, N (2007) Spatializing real-time interactive environments, Proceedings of Tangible and Embedded Interaction (TEI 07) conference, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA, ISBN: 978-1-59593-619-6, pp. 215-222.
>> Journal publication >> Biloria, N. (2006); Design Informatics, Architecture Annual 05-06 TU Delft, 010 Publishers, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
>> Book publication >> Biloria, N. (2006); Inter-active spaces, A multi-disciplinary approach towards developing re- al-time performative spaces, GSM 2, TU Delft, The Netherlands, Episode Publishers, Rotter- dam, The Netherlands, ISBN: 9059730364, pp. 330-339
>> Publication >> Biloria, N (2006) Spatializing corporate dynamics, an investigation into aspects of creating responsive spatial systems for corporate offices incorporating rule based computation techniques, Proceedings of Adaptables 06 Conference, TU Eindhoven, The Netherlands, ISBN 10:90-72152-03-4, pp. 74-78
>> Publication >> Biloria, N, Oosterhus, K and Aalbers, C (2006) Design Informatics: a case based investigation into parametric design scripting and CNC based manufacturing techniques, Proceedings of Computing in Architecture / Re-Thinking the Discourse: The Second International Confer- ence of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2006), 25-27, April 2006, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
>> Publication >> Biloria, N, Oosterhus, K and Aalbers, C (2006) DESIGN INFORMATICS: (A case based investigation into parametric design, scripting and CNC based manufacturing techniques), CAADRIA
2006 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Kumamoto (Japan) March 30th - April 2nd 2006, pp. 237-244
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria serves as Conference Session Chair CAADRIA 05, New Delhi, India >> 2005
>> Dr. Nimish Biloria serves as Conference Session Chair: Hawaii International conference for arts and humanities 05, USA
>> Journal publication >> Biloria, N. (2005); Developing concept prototypes for electronic media augmented spatial skins, Architecture Annual 04-05 TU Delft, The Netherlands, 010 Publishers, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
>> Publication >> Biloria, N (2005) Emergent Technologies and Design, Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23rd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 441-447
>> Publication >> Biloria, N., Oosterhuis, K. and Aalbers, C. (2005) Design Informatics, Smart Architecture: Integration of Digital and Building Technologies [Proceedings of the 2005 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 0-9772832-0-8] Savannah (Georgia) 13-16 October 2005, pp. 226-235
>> Publication >> Biloria, N (2005) Envisioning the responsive milieu, an investigation into aspects of ambient intelligence, machine symbiosis and ubiquitous computing for developing generic real-time spatial prototype, Proceedings of AEC 05, Conference, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, ISBN:90-8559-057-4, pp. 741-751
>> Publication >> Biloria, N, Oosterhuis, K (2005) Envisioning the RESPONSIVE milieu: An investigation into aspects of ambient intelligence, human machine symbiosis and ubiquitous computing for developing a generic real-time interactive spatial prototype, CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia/ ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 1, pp. 421-432
>> Publication >> Biloria, N (2005) Responsive environments, Proceedings of Hawaii International conference for arts and humanities 05, USA http://www.allconferences.com/conferences/20040223191228/
>> Publication >> Biloria, N (2004) Developing Concept Prototypes for Electronic Media Augmented Spatial Skins - An Investigation Into Biotic Processes, Material Technologies and Embedded Computation for Developing Intelligent Systemic Networks, CAADRIA 2004 [Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN89-7141-648-3] Seoul Korea 28-30 April 2004, pp. 159-172.
>> Book publication >> Biloria, N. (2002); Design research work - TKTS 2000, AA (Architectural Association) Year Book 01 – 02, London, UK.